Victorian Peridot, Citrine & Diamond Pendant Brooch
Pendant brooches during the Grand Period were usually set with a central boss with a dome-like configuration. This particular example of silver with a gold wash back, although somewhat similar, far surpasses the typical. An outstanding faceted 40 carat citrine the color of warm amber has been inset with a motif of a dove carrying a flowering olive branch of yellow gold and forty (40) rose cut diamonds of about .35 carats.
An elegant surround of nineteen (19) peridots (each about 4 mm in diameter) creates a shimmering rim of pale green color. The combination pairing of citrine and peridot gives rise to an surprising color combination. All stones have been set into open back crimped silver collets. A pendant bale, studded with three (3) old mine cut diamonds with a total weight of about .30 to .35 carats can be folded down thus allowing the piece to be worn as a brooch.
The Victorians most likely imbued this jewel with great symbolism. In the vocabulary of the time the dove by itself represents domesticity; the olive branch alone is symbolic of peace and sometimes of victory. When the dove carries the branch in its beak, some hold that this is an expression of a request for peace; others believe that it is a sign of the forgiveness of God. The gem citrine was often given as a portrayal of fidelity; peridot expresses undying love and admiration. No doubt of the sentimental nature of this Victorian treasure of a brooch pendant.
Measurements: 2-1/16 inches (5.2 cm) in length by 1-5/8 inches (4.1 cm) in width. Weight of 29.7 grams (19.1 dwt).
Condition: Excellent; very light wear to the citrine.
Date: Circa 1860 - 1870.
Overall Scale: Large
Note: All diamond and gemstone weights are approximate as the stones have not been removed in order to preserve the integrity of the setting.